The above physical changes are accompanied by emotional changes and tensions. Behavioural patterns change, social situations change, familial and societal expectations increase, which sometimes brings in insecurity. They become impulsive, belligerent, peer pressure and support leads to risk taking behaviour. Rapid physiological changes in the body sometimes bring in a sense of pride, shyness or even unhappiness. Attitudes, interests and interpersonal relations change. They come out of parents’ and elder siblings’ shadows and look for friends with similar values and interests. At this time the peer group influences the values, attitude and behaviour more than the family. Sometimes adolescents also display negative behaviour, like being self-centred, showing off, emotional immaturity, stubbornness, irritability, unsatisfactory relationships with the family and other unattractive traits. At this time, it is necessary for parents to be friends with them, to know who their friends are and guide them properly and help them to become responsible members of society. It is necessary for parents to avoid hitting them, talking down to them and also recognise their child’s potential, capabilities and limitations, and avoid putting intense pressure to perform and stop comparing their child with their peers.
Encourage them to believe in themselves. This will help them develop their identity positively, as identity confusion is a major characteristic of adolescence. Most adolescents come out of the identity crisis by the time of their adulthood. Adolescence is a period of great upheaval and a challenge for the young mind. Encourage them to participate in sports and physical and creative activities, as this will help them cope with changes by providing emotional and physical release.
It is necessary to have healthy food habits at this age. Most adolescents eat oily and junk food. Due to this, they lack essential nutrients required for the body, therefore it leads to skin, hair problems and constipation. Pimples, acne and hair problems are quite common during this time, but it could also be due to genetic problems and hormonal imbalance. Due to hormonal changes, excess sebum is secreted and skin becomes oily and pimples may occur. During this period, if personal hygiene is not maintained, acne may occur. Many adolescents use products to contain this problem and this reduces the water content in the skin and makes it look dry and rough. It is important to keep the skin clean and hygienic, and wash the face not more than three times a day as there will be loss of moisture. Some adolescents may develop dark circles around their eyes, it could be genetic problem or lack of sleep, loss of water or moisture in the body. Avoid oily, spicy and junk food. Eat fresh vegetables and fruits, drink lots of water, tender coconut water, soups. Stress levels increase due to exams and not eating proper meals could lead to acidity. Also alcohol and spicy food could be other factors. Change in life style and reduction of stress levels can handle that problem.
Like the rest of the body, hair too changes during puberty due to the male sex hormone androgen and female hormone oestrogen and progesterone. Suddenly the hormones become abundant, which explains the changes. It often becomes greasier, hard, rough, lifeless and difficult to manage. In some people, there may be hair loss and it may thin out. If it is not looked after properly, dandruff may occur, leading to hair loss, rashes and pimples on the face and back. Besides oestrogen and progesterone, girls also produce androgen. Androgens are the cause for hair disorders in both girls and boys. Shampoo the scalp properly and don’t merely wash the hair strands. Use a shampoo suitable to the hair type. Take professional advice for both skin and hair problems. Follow a good diet, eat foods containing proteins and vitamins, and drink lots of water. It is most important to have clean and hygienic habits.
About The Author
Madhuri Parab Has Earned Her Post-Graduate Diploma From Cidesco (Comite International D’esthetique), Switzerland, In Skin Care. She Is Also A Member Of The Association Of Beauty Therapy And Cosmetology India. Her Skill Sets Include A Diploma Certification In Hair Care From The Emerald Institute, Mumbai, And The Nicky Oliver Hair Dressing Academy, Uk. She Is Also A Trained Spa Therapist From The Svastii Wellness Acamedy, Mumbai, As Well As A Trained Make-Up Artist Who Is Associated With Events, Short Films And Contests In Pune. She Has Been Working In This Field For The Last Eight Years. She Established Her Salon, The Salon Mystique, In 2004. It Is A Well Known Salon In Baner, Pune. She Has Grown From Strength To Strength, Introducing The Latest Technologies In The Salon. Since The Year 2011, She Is A Partner In The Salon.
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